For the latest news and updates on Maryland state and local tax

December 2, 2022

Maryland AG Files Appeal to Revive Digital Advertising Tax

Authored by: Brandon Spinella and Bonnie Susmano, JD, MBA

Attorney General Brian Frosh officially filed a notice of appeal with Maryland’s Court of Special Appeals to challenge the October 17, 2022, ruling by the Anne Arundel County Circuit Court, which held the Digital Advertising Gross Revenues Tax violates the Internet Tax Freedom Act as a discriminatory tax on digital commerce. Furthermore, the Circuit Court held the tax was unconstitutional because it violates the Commerce Clause and the First Amendment. In Maryland, legal appeals are the sole purview of the Attorney General’s office. However, Comptroller Peter Franchot previously and publicly expressed doubts about the constitutionality of the State’s Digital Advertising Gross Receipts Tax, exposing a schism between the Attorney General’s and State Comptroller’s offices. 

Several other states were on the verge of passing sales taxes similar to the Maryland Digital Advertising Tax.It appears that these other states will wait for a final determination with regards to the Maryland Digital Advertising Tax before proceeding to enact their own Digital Advertising taxes.

October 28, 2022

Maryland Judge Strikes Down First Digital Ad Tax in the U.S., Maryland Attorney General to Appeal Judge’s Decision

Authored by: Brandon Spinella and Zhoudi Tang, CPA, MST

A year after being enacted, Maryland’s controversial digital ad tax has been quashed by State Circuit Court Judge Alison Asti. Judge Asti ruled the tax violates the First Amendment, the Commerce Clause, and the federal Internet Tax Freedom Act by discriminating against e-commerce. Maryland AG Brian Frosh has indicated he plans to appeal the Judge’s decision. The AG’s appeal does not appear to have the backing of Maryland Comptroller Peter Franchot, as he has doubts about the constitutionality of the law and believes it may negatively affect small businesses in the state. While several states have proposed similar taxes, Maryland was the first and only state to implement a digital ad tax. It appears the enactment of similar taxes in other states are now on hold pending the outcome of the litigation in Maryland. If you have questions about how the Internet Tax Freedom Act may affect your business, please contact a member of the Withum SALT Team.

September 2, 2022

Maryland Comptroller Releases Revised Guidance on the Taxability of Digital Products

Authored by: Brandon Vance and Bonnie Susmano, JD, MBA

On July 1, 2022, Maryland Comptroller released updates to the taxability of digital products and codes. The original digital products and codes sales tax were effective March 14, 2021. The tax rate has been unchanged and will stay at 6 percent. However, H.B.791 and S.B. 723 changed the definition of digital products to exclude particular property interests and certain types of computer software. Maryland Comptroller released Business Tax Tip #29, which provides an in-depth analysis of the taxability of digital products and services in Maryland. If you have questions about the taxability of your Company’s digital products and services in Maryland, please reach out to the Withum SALT Team.

July 22, 2022

Maryland Comptroller Announces More Than Three Million State Tax Returns Processed

On July 18, Maryland Comptroller Peter Franchot announced that the Comptroller agency processed over three million personal tax returns for the 2021 tax year. The processed returns comprised more than $2.34 billion in refunds for approximately 2.14 million Maryland taxpayers. The average refund check is roughly $1,100.00. The Comptroller’s office aims to refund Maryland taxpayers in less than three business days.

April 8, 2022

Maryland Exempts Sales and Use Tax on Certain Baby Products, Medical Devices and Masks

On April 1, 2022, Maryland Governor Hogan signed two bills that exempt certain baby products, medical devices and face masks from sales tax effective July 1, 2022. Exempt baby products include baby bottles and bottle nipples, and infant car seats. Exempt medical devices include certain thermometers, pulse oximeters, blood pressure monitors and respirators. Qualified respirators for exemption are N95, China KN95, Japan DS, Korea 1st Class, AS/NZS 15 P2 or European FFP2 filtering facepiece respirators.

January 31, 2022

Maryland Extends Individual Income Tax Return Extension and Filing Due Date

On January 19, 2022, The Comptroller of Maryland released a tax alert stating that the state will extend the deadline for resident and nonresident individual income tax filings and payments for 2021. Individual income tax returns originally due between January 24, 2022 and April 18, 2022 will now be due on July 15, 2022. The Comptroller also waived interest and penalties for late payment if the tax is paid by July 15, 2022. This extension is automatic; hence no separate extension request or filing is necessary. Taxpayers who wish to file an extension can do so by July 15, 2022 and the extended due date will be October 17, 2022.

September 16, 2021

Maryland Grants Hurricane Ida Tax Relief Extensions

Peter Franchot, of the Maryland Comptroller of Taxation, has granted relief through tax extensions to all businesses and emergency responders impacted by the remnants of Hurricane Ida. Included in the granted extensions are Sales and Use Tax Returns and Tax due September 20th, 2021, which the due date is extended to October 20th, 2021, Admission and Amusement Tax due September 10th, which the due date is extended to October 10th, 2021, and Alcohol Taxes due in September, which the due date is extended exactly one month from the original due date. All interest and penalties will be waived so long as the returns are filed and paid by the extended due date.

June 25, 2021

Maryland Updates Guidance on Taxation of Pass-through Entities

Guidance has been issued by the Maryland Comptroller’s Office regarding the taxation of pass-through entities. If the income PTE election is made, the amount of the credit for taxes paid by the entity attributable to the member’s share of the entity’s taxable income must be added back to the income. A pass-through entity’s taxable income is defined as “the portion of a pass–through entity’s income under the federal Internal Revenue Code, calculated without regard to any deduction for taxes based on net income that are imposed by any state or political subdivision of a state, that is derived from or reasonably attributable to the trade or business of the pass–through entity in this State.” A Maryland electing pass-through entity must file a Maryland Form 511 and is not allowed to file a composite return on behalf of any members while a Maryland non-electing pass-through must file a Maryland Form 510 and can file a composite return for qualified non-resident individual members.

June 9, 2021

Maryland Offers Refund of Disabled Active Duty Service Members and Disabled Veterans Property Tax Exemption

Effective June 1, 2021, and retroactively applicable to all taxable years beginning after June 30, 2018, Maryland will provide a refund of the disabled active duty service members and disabled veterans property tax exemption under certain circumstances. A disabled active duty service member, disabled veteran, or surviving spouse can apply for a refund of Maryland state, county, and municipal corporation property tax paid on the dwelling house while the exemption was available, only if the individual applies for the exemption during the three-year period beginning with the calendar year in which the individual initially became eligible for the exemption. In the taxable years in which the exemption was authorized but not granted, the state, county, or municipal corporation must pay the refund to such individual who receives the exemption for any property tax paid, and interest on the amount of the refund if the individual applied for the refund and the refund is not made within 60 days after the individual applied for the refund. For more information, please visit the Maryland Department of Veterans Affairs website.

Maryland Establishes Whistleblower Reward Program

Effective October 1, 2021, Maryland will institute a Whistleblower Reward Program. Under the program, a whistleblower who voluntarily provides original information to the Maryland Comptroller in a sworn affidavit that, because of the original information, results in a final assessment in a covered enforcement action, or a successful outcome against a taxpayer in a related action, is entitled to receive a monetary award of at least 15%, but not exceeding 30%, of the taxes, penalties, and interest collected through the enforcement action or related action. The covered enforcement action must relate to an enforcement action brought by the comptroller concerning: (1) the state and county income tax liability of a taxpayer whose federal adjusted gross income is at least $250,000, or the state and county tax liability of a business whose annual gross receipts or sales are at least $2 million; and (2) taxes in dispute exceeding $250,000. Also, as a separate matter, the legislation alters the statute of limitations for tax collections by increasing the amount of time from when a tax is due until when it can be collected from 7 to 10 years, and the amount of time from when a tax is assessed until when the assessment can be collected from 7 to 10 years. More information on the program will be posted as it becomes available.

June 3, 2021

Maryland Expands RISE Zone Tax Credit Program

Effective June 1, 2021, the purpose of Maryland’s Regional Institution Strategic Enterprise (RISE) zone program is expanded to incentivize the location of innovative start-up businesses based on technology developed, licensed, or poised for commercialization at or in collaboration with qualified Maryland institutions. Existing income and property tax credits under the program are limited to businesses that locate in a RISE zone before January 1, 2023. The program credits and benefits terminate on January 1, 2028. Additionally, effective July 1, 2021 and applicable to all taxable years beginning after December 31, 2020, the biotechnology investment incentive credit of 75% of the investment in a qualified Maryland biotechnology company is available if the company is located in a RISE zone. The cybersecurity investment incentive credit of 50% of the investment in a qualified Maryland cybersecurity company is available if the company is located in a RISE zone.

Maryland to Offer Vendor Collection Tax Credit for Job Training Organizations

Effective July 1, 2021,Maryland will provide a vendor collection sales and use tax credit for qualified job training organizations who timely file sales and use tax returns. The credit is equal to 100% of the gross amount of sales and use tax that the vendor is to pay to the Maryland Comptroller. For any calendar year, the total amount of credits that a vendor can claim cannot exceed $100,000. A vendor must apply to the Maryland Secretary of Labor for certification. To qualify, the organization must: (1) be located in Maryland; (2) be exempt from taxation underInternal Revenue Code Section 501(c)(3); (3) conduct retail sales of donated items; (4) provide job training and employment services to individuals with workplace disadvantages or disabilities; and (5) use a majority of its revenue for job training and job placement programs that assist individuals with growth in employment hours, for individuals with low income, workplace disadvantages, disabilities, or barriers to employment, or for veterans. A vendor who claims this credit cannot claim other vendor credits.

May 26, 2021

Maryland Authorizes 1-Year Grace Period for Certain Domestic Entities Late in Filing Annual Reports and Eliminates Certain Business Filing Fees

Effective October 1, 2021,Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation (SDAT) will provide an additional year for domestic corporations, limited liability companies (LLCs), limited liability partnerships, limited partnerships, and statutory trusts, to file annual reports with the State before being placed on a list whereby their charter will be forfeited. This 1-year grace period applies only to these specifically stated Maryland (i.e., domestic) legal entities. For specific text of the bill, please see L. 2021, H839 (c. 335).

Further, effective July 1, 2021 and pursuant to L. 2021, H647 (c. 142),Maryland SDAT has repealed required fees for certain business filings. The $100 nonrefundable processing fees for filing articles of dissolution and certificates of cancellation are repealed, and there is no processing fee for documents filed to dissolve, cancel, or terminate an entity (i.e., previously, the fee was $25 for these documents).

May 21, 2021

Maryland RELIEF Act of 2021 – Sales Tax Relief for Small Businesses

The Maryland RELIEF Act of 2021 provides for a Sales and Use Tax Discount for small businesses in lieu of the standard vendor discount. This discount is available for the filing periods of March, April, and May of 2021. The relief is a credit on the sales and use tax returns in the amount of the lesser of $3,000 or the sales and use tax collected during the filing period and may not exceed $9,000 for the total three-month period.

For monthly filers, the credit for the March, April, and May filing periods will be taken on the respective monthly return normally filed the following month. For quarterly filers, the credit for March can be applied to the return for the quarter ending March 2021. For April and May, the credit can be applied to the return quarter ending June 2021 up to $3,000.

In order to qualify for the RELIEF Credit, the business must:

  1. File the sales and use tax returns;
  2. File the sales and use tax returns timely (Extension for filing has been granted until July 15th);
  3. File the sales and use tax return using the Comptroller’s bFile system;
  4. The gross amount of the sales and use tax collected during the monthly or quarterly reporting period must not exceed $6,000;
  5. The standard vendor discount must not be taken; and
  6. The business must not be a marketplace facilitator reporting sales by a marketplace seller.

The RELIEF credit is automatic on the bFile site for eligible taxpayers starting May 17th, 2021. If a return for the periods eligible has already been filed by an eligible business, the return can be amended to take the RELIEF credit. In order to amend the sales and use tax return for the credit, the taxpayer must email [email protected] and must include the following information:

  1. The business name and CR number;
  2. A statement that you wish to claim the RELIEF credit in lieu of the standard vendor discount;
  3. The amount of discount being claimed (ie. The lesser of $3,000 or the sales and use tax due on the return, so long as the sales and use tax due is less than $3,000).

For monthly and quarterly filers, return periods ending March, April, and May 2021 have an extended deadline of July 15th, 2021. You may take advantage of the relief credit and the extended deadline.

Please see the bulletin for more information.

May 5, 2021

Maryland Issues Guidance on Sales and Use Tax Credit under the RELIEF Act of 2021

The Maryland Comptroller’s Office issued guidance for small businesses who may qualify for a Sales and Use Tax Credit under the Maryland Recovery for the Economy, Livelihoods, Industries, Entrepreneurs, and Families (RELIEF) Act of 2021. Eligible vendors can claim an increased tax credit for March, April, and May 2021, usually filed in April, May, and June. The filing deadlines for that period were extended to July 15, 2021.


Vendors must file their sales and use tax return or consolidated return using the Comptroller’s bFile system. Note that the gross amount of sales and use tax collected during the monthly reporting period may not exceed $6,000, and the vendor must not take the standard vendor credit to claim the RELIEF Act credit. In addition, the credit cannot apply to sales and use taxes collected by a marketplace facilitator.

Vendors reporting $6,000 or less in gross collected sales tax for the reporting period may elect to take up to $3,000 as a tax credit. If the gross sales tax collected is $3,000 or less, then the vendor may claim the sales tax reported as a credit.However, vendors not eligible for the RELIEF Act credit may still claim the vendor tax credit, even when filing by the extended July 15thdeadline.


Once the bFile system is updated, vendors can claim the RELIEF Act vendor credit by filing their sales and use tax return. Businesses that filed their monthly SUT return for the period ending March 31, 2021, but did not claim the RELIEF Act credit can amend their March return.

If you would like to discuss this credit and how it may apply to your business, please contact a member of the State and Local tax team.

April 28, 2021

Maryland Updates Guidance on RELIEF Act Regarding Unemployment Benefits Exclusion

The Maryland Comptroller’s Office has updated its guidance on the Maryland RELIEF Act, which was enacted as a result of the federal American Rescue Plan Act’s unemployment compensation exclusion of up to $10,200 for qualifying individuals. For Maryland purposes, any amount of unemployment compensation in excess of $10,200 that is included at the federal level is eligible for a subtraction modification at the Maryland level, subject to Maryland’s income caps for the subtraction. Taxpayers who qualify for the federal exclusion, but do not qualify for the Maryland subtraction, need not add back the amount excluded from federal AGI as the exclusion flows to the Maryland return. Under the Maryland RELIEF Act, the subtraction for unemployment benefits received is only available to taxpayers with a filing status of single, married filing separate, or dependent with a federal AGI that does not exceed $75,000, and filers with married filing joint, head of household, or surviving spouse status with a federal AGI that does not exceed $100,000. For specific details, please see the Maryland Tax Alert on this subject.

April 23, 2021

Maryland Amends Rules on Research and Development Tax Credit

Effective July 1, 2021, and applicable to all Maryland research and development tax credits certified after February 15, 2021, the 3% basic research and development tax credit is eliminated, but the 10% growth credit continues to be available. For each calendar year, the maximum amount of the credit that can be approved by the Maryland Department of Commerce is increased to $12 million, but $3.5 million of that amount will be reserved for small business applicants. The Department will not be permitted to approve a tax credit for any single applicant in an amount exceeding $250,000. In determining small business eligibility, “net book value assets” means the total of a business’s net value of assets, including intangibles but not including liabilities, minus depreciation and amortization. For specific details, please consult the bill enacting such changes (L. 2021, S196 (c. 114)).

Maryland Amends Biotechnology Investment Incentive Tax Credit

Effective June 1, 2021, and applicable to all initial credit certificates issued after June 30, 2021, Maryland’s biotechnology investment incentive tax credit permits an initial tax credit for 33% (previously, 50%) of an investment in a qualified Maryland biotechnology company, not to exceed $250,000. However, if the company is located in Allegany, Dorchester, Garrett, or Somerset Counties, the credit is 50% (previously, 75%) of the investment in the company, not to exceed $500,000. A“qualified investor” does not include a founder or current employee of the company if the company has been in active business for more than five years. In addition to existing requirements, a “qualified Maryland biotechnology company” means a biotechnology company that the qualified investors in the company have not received more than $7 million in tax credits in the aggregate.

Maryland Amends Cybersecurity Investment Incentive Tax Credit

Effective June 1, 2021, and applicableto all initial credit certificates issued after June 30, 2021, Maryland’s cybersecurity investment incentive tax credit will be known as the “Innovation Investment Incentive Tax Credit” in order to reflect the expansion of the credit to technology companies rather than only cybersecurity companies. Per the amended law, “Technology company” means a company organized for profit that is engaged in the research, development, or commercialization of innovative and proprietary technology. However, a “qualified Maryland technology company” does not include a technology company that is or has been certified as a qualified Maryland biotechnology company. A “qualified investor” does not include a founder or current employee of the company if the company has been in active business for more than five years.

April 14, 2021

Maryland Pushes Back Effective Date of Digital Advertising Tax

Maryland’s legislature passed a bill this week (SB0787/255361/1) that will push the effective date of the tax on gross revenues from digital advertising services to tax years beginning after December 31, 2021 (previously was set to take effect for tax years beginning after December 31, 2020). The first estimated payment for companies subject to such tax would have been due April 15, 2021. Among the amendments to Senate Bill 787, taxpayer subject to the digital advertising tax will be prohibited from directly passing the cost of the tax on to their customers by means of a separate fee, surcharge, or line-item. For specific details of the new tax, please see Senate Bill 787 or reach out to Withum’s SALT team with questions.

April 7, 2021

Maryland Reverses Sales Tax Refund for Taxpayer Providing Cleaning Services to Non-Profit Hospitals

The Maryland Tax Court had previously held a taxpayer was entitled to a refund for sales taxes it paid when, as part of housekeeping supervisory services it provided to three non-profit hospital clients, it purchased cleaning supplies used at each of the hospitals. The taxpayer’s original refund request was based on the argument the purchased supplies were resold to the hospitals; while the reseller theory was rejected, but the Tax Court nevertheless granted the refund on the basis that the taxpayer purchased the supplies as an agent for tax-exempt/non-profit hospitals. Reversing and remanding the decision, the Maryland Court of Special Appeals found the taxpayer had no agency relationship with the hospitals due to the fact that, among other things, the contracts between the taxpayer and hospitals were at arm’s length, and the taxpayer had no duty to act primarily for the benefit of the hospitals.

March 23, 2021

Maryland Update on Extension of Filing Deadline

Maryland Comptroller Peter Franchot alerts taxpayers that the state 2020 income tax filing deadline has been extended to July 15, 2021. No interest or penalties will be assessed if returns are filed and taxes owed are paid by the new deadline. The extension applies to individual, pass-through, fiduciary, and corporate income tax returns, including first and second quarter estimated payments. The extension is due to recently enacted and pending state and federal legislation that impact 2020 tax filings and provide economic relief related to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The comptroller must make extensive revisions to previously released forms and software programs used by tax filers and tax software vendors. ( News Release, Maryland Comptroller’s Office, 03/11/2021 ; Tax Alert: Extension of Time to File and Waiver of Interest and Penalty for Certain Filers, Maryland Comptroller’s Office, 03/11/2021 ; News Release, Maryland Comptroller’s Office, 03/18/2021 .)

March 17, 2021

Maryland Extends Multiple Tax Filing Deadlines to July 15 as a Result of COVID-19 Relief Packages

As a result of recent and pending state and federal COVID-19 relief legislation, Maryland State Comptroller Peter Franchot announced extension of the tax filing deadline to July 15, 2021 for individual taxpayers, passthrough entities, fiduciaries, and corporate income tax returns. No interest or penalties will be assessed if returns are filed and taxes owed are paid by the new deadline. The due date of the Tobacco Floor Tax payment (originally due June 13, 2021), as well as any sales and use tax returns that would have been due in March, April and May of 2021, will also now be due on July 15, 2021.

March 16, 2021

Maryland Now Imposes Sales Tax on Digital Products and SaaS

Beginning March 14, 2021, Maryland imposes a 6% sales/use tax on digital products received or used by purchasers in the state. The Maryland tax authority has issued guidance on the new law explaining that digital products include the following, among other items, when delivered electronically:

  • Ebooks, newspapers, magazines and other periodicals;
  • Downloaded ringtones and other audio files;
  • Photos and greeting cards;
  • A download or streaming of movies, music videos, news/entertainment programs, and live events, including monthly charges for streaming video/audio;
  • Online classes and seminars, including continuing education classes;
  • Canned software; and
  • Software-as-a-Service (“SaaS”).

Unlike Maryland, most states do not characterize SaaS or downloaded software as digital products, so this expansive characterization by the Maryland tax authority could come as a surprise SaaS providers.

The new law will impact many technology companies’ Maryland sales tax obligations. We recommend that businesses review their Maryland sales tax nexus and compliance activity under the new law to determine if they are now required to collect and remit sales tax. Please call a member of Withum’s State and Local Tax team with any questions.

November 16, 2020

Governor Hogan Signs PTE Legislation to Maximize the $10,000 SALT Deduction

On November 9, 2020, the IRS (Notice 2020-75) informed it intends to issue proposed regulations supporting the use of Pass-Through Entity (PTE) SALT Workarounds. This taxpayer-friendly development would affirm that a pass-through entity’s owners or shareholders would not be limited in the amount deducted for state and local tax. Please review the article below regarding Notice 2020-75.

Learn more in our recent insight here.

May 2, 2020

Maryland Extends Due Date of Property Tax Return Submissions

The Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation extended the 2020 deadline to submit Annual Reports, and Personal Property Tax Returns to July 15, 2020, as part of the Governor Hogan’s response to COVID-19.

March 21, 2020

90-Day Extension of Federal Income Tax Payments

The Maryland Comptroller’s Office will conform with the Internal Revenue Service’s 90-day extension of federal income tax payments from April 15 to July 15, 2020. Individual and Corporate Income taxpayers will be afforded the same relief for state Income Tax payments. No interest or penalty for late payments will be applied if 2019 tax payments are made by July 15, 2020. Taxpayers must file for an extension for the filing of Federal taxes by April 15.

Fiscal year filers with tax years ending January 1, 2020, through March 31, 2020, are also eligible for the July 15, 2020 payment extension. The due date for March quarterly estimated payments are extended to July 15, 2020.

Business-related tax filing deadlines are also extended. The June 1 extension applies to certain business returns with due dates during March, April and May 2020 for businesses filing sales and use, withholding, admissions & amusement, alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel taxes, as well as tire recycling fee and bay restoration fee returns.

Business taxpayers who file and pay by June 1, 2020 will receive an automatic waiver of interest and penalties. Learn more here.

March 2020

The Maryland Controller has implemented provisions to extend business-related tax filing deadlines. For certain business returns with due dates during March, April and May 2020, taxpayers have been provided an extension through June 1st. The extension applies to those businesses filing sales and use tax, withholding tax, and admissions & amusement tax, as well as alcohol, tobacco and motor fuel excise taxes, tire recycling fee and bay restoration fee returns. Furthermore, business taxpayers who file and pay by the extended due date will be granted a waiver of interest and penalties.

IRS Announcements on Health Plans Amid COVID-19

The Internal Revenue Service advised that high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) can pay for 2019 Novel Coronavirus-related testing and treatment, without jeopardizing their status. This also means that an individual with an HDHP that covers these costs may continue to contribute to a health savings account (HSA).

In Notice 2020-15 (PDF), posted on, the IRS said that health plans that otherwise qualify as HDHPs will not lose that status merely because they cover the cost of testing for or treatment of COVID-19 before plan deductibles have been met. The IRS also noted that, as in the past, any vaccination costs continue to count as preventive care and can be paid for by an HDHP.

This notice applies only to HSA-eligible HDHPs. Employees and other taxpayers in any other type of health plan with specific questions about their own plan and what it covers should contact their plan.

Disclaimer: Please note this is the information that is readily available at this time, it is subject to change so please consult your Withum tax advisor.

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The State and Local Tax (SALT) laws vary from state to state and are constantly changing. Reach out to Withum’s SALT Team for guidance on how to navigate your state’s local tax laws.