In simple words, testing is finding out whether the expected functionalities/requirements are working the way they are supposed to and to make sure it is defects free. It’s a process of identifying errors or missing requirements, thus improving the quality of our deliverables.
In computer hardware and software development, testing is used at key checkpoints in the overall process to determine whether objectives are being met.
There are many different types and methods of testing.
So, where does exploratory testing in agile fall?
Many wonder if exploratory testing is important. As a Quality Analyst (QA), I would like to assert that, yes, it is an essential part of testing. Many people are confused by exploratory testing and agree with one or more of the following statements:
Exploratory testing is a formal approach of testing that involves simultaneous learning, test schematizing, and test execution. The testers explore the application and learn about its functionalities by discovery and learning methods. They then use exploratory test charters to direct, record, and track the exploratory test session’s observations. It is a hands-on procedure in which testers perform minimum planning and maximum test exploration.
Here, the tester is at the center. There is a continuous process that he/she undergoes. The activities like learning, planning, executing and recording happen simultaneously. If we separate these activities, then it becomes a scripted testing.
So, if you have a feature to be tested, here are two approaches:
Approach 1 – Scripted testing:
Approach 2 – Exploratory Testing in Agile
In Approach 1, the script dictates what you do. You will execute all the cases in order, even if you know that you are not learning anything about the product. This is an example of the Scripted Approach to testing.
In Approach 2, the tester decides what to do. There is continuous learning and the learning highly influences the next test from the previous test. This is an example of an exploratory approach to testing.
Before starting exploratory testing, one must keep in mind the following things:
If there’s a testing type that offers full, genuine freedom to the tester, it’s exploratory testing. Without any documentation or preliminary planning, the QA engineer tests the software to verify its overall quality. The trick is in the tester’s skills, experience and ability to invent test cases and find bugs “on the go.” In my next blog, I will cover how Scrum & Exploratory testing go hand-in-hand!
Author: Nandini Rao | email@example.com